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Information Society Glossary

To the users of "e-glossary on Information Society"

Dear Users,

We present for you  an  "e-glossary  on  Information Society" elaborated  by the Ministry of Transport, Information Technology and Communications, aimed at expanding  professional training and media education in the digital environment. We have reflected in Bulgarian and English the concepts we encounter most often in our work related to the implementation of information and communications technology in all spheres of public life.

Since 1994, when Bangmean first raised the idea of a global information society as a "revolution of human intelligence - a new way to live and work together" in the European public space through the decisions of the Summit on the Information Society in Geneva and Tunis  to the EU Digital Single Market and the Council of Europe Strategies for Internet Governance have lasted more than  two decades but no one can deny that we live in a completely changed world,  with boundless opportunities and risks. The virtual reality conquers the minds of young generations who communicate, create and strive to realize their dreams through the Internet. The Internet is a public value that is increasingly relied on by people of all ages and professions for their everyday activities, access to information, knowledge and business. The web is a center for electronic communication, business, education, culture and innovation. It is the center of dialogue between societies and traditions and the free exercise of human rights.

This is an integrated world that puts higher demands on both people-to-people and professional-based, knowledge-based as a long-term goal.The environment in which we live imparts not only a new look to the world, but also a new language of communication, a new philosophy and a new conceptual apparatus, as well as a new style of expression. Taking all this into consideration, our team has created a database of terms in the information society that reflect the technical and social dimensions of the changes that have taken place. As the conditions that created this project are extremely dynamic, so our glossary will be dynamic and will develop as a living organism in the context of time, will be complemented and improved. To make  it better , we will also rely on you, the users, especially on your active participation and on the constant interactive communication with suggestions and comments.

We look forward to our cooperation as experts in the different spheres as well as to the broadest public. We expect many questions from young people who are children of the information society. Good luck in the information society!

e-Glossary Team


1 (10) | A (111) | B (116) | C (214) | D (122) | E (154) | F (74) | G (42) | H (45) | I (119) | J (5) | K (6) | L (44) | M (79) | N (48) | O (50) | P (94) | Q (3) | R (74) | S (125) | T (54) | U (28) | V (22) | W (41) | X (2) | Y (1) | Z (1)
Jamming-1. засядане, натъпкване; 2.заглушаване

1. Paper: jam, usually in the printer

2. Intentional   interference     caused by broadcasting, aiming to make unintelligible or to distort a useful signal or a part of it.


За хартия: да се задръсти, обикновено в печатащо устройство.

Преднамерено смущение, предизвикано от излъчвания, имащи за цел да направят неразбираем или да деформират полезният сигнал или част от него.

Joint venture -Съвместно предприятие

An association between two or more parties through which parties share profits and management responsibilities with respect to a specific project.


Сдружаване между две и повече страни, чрез което те споделят печалбите и отговорностите относно ръководството на определен проект.


Collection and dissemination of information and ideas in the public space via any means of mass communication.


Събиране и разпространение на информация и идеи в публичната сфера чрез всяко средство за комуникация.

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)-Формат за изображения JPEG

A format for image files.


Формат за файлове с изображения.

Justification -Обосновка